Symptoms: lower back pain, some with radiation down to the hip, legs and feet. Patient with disc herniation cannot tolerate prolonged sitting and standing. Lower limb muscles atrophy or incontinence would be encountered for severe cases.

Consequence: lower back pain and numbness, incontinence.

Causes: usually caused by improper posture or trauma. For example, heavy lifting with trunk forward bending posture. Long term high-heeled shoes wearing, obesity and improper sitting posture would also give rise to the development of disc herniation.

Disc herniation introduction:
Disc is found in between vertebras which serve as a shock absorber. When the disc is hurt and prolapsed, disc herniation is developed.