Symptoms: Depending on the location of osteophytes development, the signs and symptoms may differ. Osteophytes may become barriers between bones and hinder the joint movements. Generally, pain, decreased range of motion and inflammatory responses are commonly encountered.

Consequence: If osteophytes irritate nearby nerve roots, blood vessels or other soft tissues, pain, numbness and muscle atrophy would be resulted.

Cause: Bone would over-grow under prolonged high pressure and develop osteophytes (in form of spurs). Improper posture, overuse, increased joint friction, etc. are favorable conditions for the formation of osteophytes.